Plants, animals, fish and insects are some of the 41,415 species on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened species. 122 of which fall in the state of Ohio.
The Species Enxtinction says, “The current species extinction rate is estimated to be between 1,000 and 10,000 times higher than the natural or ‘background’ rate.”
The IUCN is an informative source of global extinction and evaluates the conservation status of animal, plant and fungus species.
Species all around the globe face threats of endangerment and extinction. Specifically in the United States, laws have been put in place to protect these species.
The US Endangered Species Act has been reported by worldwildlife.org to be “our nation’s most effective law to protect at-risk species from extinction, with a stellar success rate: 99% of species listed on it have avoided extinction.”
Of Ohio’s 122 endangered species, The Nature Conservancy features 8 of which they are protecting from extinction. The Conservancy says they work to “protect, manage and restore areas across Ohio that will help bring these species back and help them thrive.”
Loss of quality habitat is one of the main reasons for species endangerment, but the proximity of human to animal or plant could be a bigger problem.
“People and threatened species are often concentrated in the same areas,” IUCN said.
Other categories like vulnerable, least concerned, critical habitat and critically endangered exist to further define conservation status.
WorldWildlife has a species directory with various creatures and what their conservation status is. Categorizing helps determine severity of situations.